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By Ibe Christiana Chiamaka reporting from Nigeria

4th January is world braille day and the birth of Louis braille, inventor of the reading and writing system used by millions of blind and partially sighted people all over the globe.

This day recognizes the contribution of Louis braille in helping the blind and visually impaired people to read and write.

Louis braille is a French man who was blinded in an accident at a very young age and was born on 4th January 1809.

He published his first book on 1829.

World Braille Day was established by the United Nations in November 2018 to celebrate Louis Braille, the inventor of the braille system of reading alphabets.

The first world braille day was celebrated on January 4 2019.

Braille is a code that uses bumps and indentation on a surface to represent letters, which can be recognized by touch and since braille is a code all languages and even certain subjects like mathematics, music and computer programming can be read and written in braille.

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) around the world use this day to create awareness about the challenges faced by visually impaired individuals and to encourage businesses and governments to create economic and social opportunities for the blind.

Various competitions are organized across cities specifically for the blind.

Awareness is also raised about the new technologies coming in the field of Braille language on this day. For example, in the earlier days, a special type of typewriter had to be used in order to write Braille language. Now a days, computers are also equipped to do the job.

In an interview a journalist said the National Braille Press has been producing books by using modern press along with leading software “Duxbury”.

He said, “Duxbury is used by the world’s leading braille publishers that enable blind and partially sighted people to read the books same as those printed in a visual font.

Also a lot of people has expressed their happiness as Braille provides the blind with access to the same reading and learning opportunities as the sighted and they also urged the media to highlight World Braille Day for spreading awareness and to help social inclusion of visually handicapped persons.

The World Braille Day is taken as an opportunity by various organizations and philanthropic individuals around the world to help the blind out there.

Source of original article: Africa Science News (africasciencenews.org).
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