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Murder and manslaughter victims
2000 153 70
2001 178 86
2002 159 65
2003 159 88
2004 164 59
2005 130 67
2006 103 56
2007 113 51
2008 126 50
2009 126 49
2010 101 57
2011 111 54
2012 104 53
2013 89 58
2014 113 31
2015 77 43
2016 74 34
2017 112 46
2018 76 43
2019* 81 44

Nearly half as many victims since the turn of the century

In 2000, there were 153 male victims of murder and manslaughter. This number went down to 76 in 2018 and stood at 81 last year. The number of female victims was 70 in 2000, against 43 in 2018. Last year, 44 women were killed in a homicide.

Murder and manslaughter victims by age, 2019*
Under 20 yrs 5 5
20 to 29 yrs 20 7
30 to 39 yrs 20 7
40 to 49 yrs 15 7
50 to 59 yrs 10 9
60 to 69 yrs 6 5
70 yrs and over 5 4
*provisional figures

Half of male homicide victims between 20 and 40 years

In 2019, 76 percent of homicide victims were between the ages of 20 and 60. Among men, half of the victims were between 20 and 40 years old, while among women homicide mortality was seen most frequently in the age category 50 to 59 years. Of the 125 victims, 16 were not living in the Netherlands.

Murder and manslaughter victims by period and age group
Under 20 years 135 117 96 57
20 to 29 yrs 255 165 144 135
30 to 39 yrs 319 214 161 122
40 to 49 yrs 203 161 163 120
50 to 59 yrs 145 117 90 97
60 yrs and over 124 97 117 99

Largest drop among people in their thirties

Since the turn of the century, the number of homicide deaths has decreased in all age categories. The largest decline is seen in the age bracket 30 to 39 years, among both men and women. Over the past five years, the number of murder and manslaughter victims in this age group was two and a half times lower than in the period from 2000 to 2005.

Murder and manslaughter victims and connection with (alleged) offender, 2015-2019*
Women 56.2 7.1 12.4 0.5 8.1 4.3 5.7 5.7
Men 4.0 4.0 5.2 14.5 26.9 9.8 11.4 24.0
*provisional figures

Many female victims killed by (ex-)partner

In over 8 out of 10 homicide cases over the period 2015 through 2019, the police had identified an offender. Differences can be observed in the murder circumstances between male and female victims.

In the period from 2015 to 2019, the alleged offender was the partner or ex-partner in nearly six out of ten cases where the victim was female. Domestic conditions (such as a marital strife) and jealousy were the most prevalent motives for taking a woman’s life. Women were often killed in their own homes with a stabbing weapon or by strangulation.

In 76 percent of the 420 male homicide cases over the past five years, an offender was identified. This (alleged) offender was an acquaintance or friend of the victim in one-third of the cases. Nearly one in six killings were linked with organised crime. Three-quarters of male victims were murdered with a firearm or stabbing weapon.

Over 90 percent of offenders are men

In 2019, almost 600 persons were found guilty of (attempted) homicide. This includes (attempted) murder and manslaughter. Nearly one-quarter of these homicide cases occurred in 2019, while half took place in 2018 and the remaining cases in previous years. It is possible that more than one person is found guilty of a crime against life with the same victim. More than 9 in 10 convicted persons are men. Over 4 in 10 are 25 to 44 years old, while over one-quarter are between the ages of 18 and 25.

Murder and manslaughter victims in the three largest municipalities
2000 44 19 13
2001 33 41 26
2002 24 34 13
2003 39 24 16
2004 27 21 14
2005 32 25 14
2006 17 13 7
2007 32 21 10
2008 17 18 9
2009 33 17 13
2010 15 15 7
2011 17 12 8
2012 18 13 12
2013 21 19 3
2014 23 7 5
2015 13 12 7
2016 24 8 5
2017 16 14 7
2018 14 12 10
2019* 17 11 14

Most killings in Amsterdam and The Hague

In 2019, one-third of all murders were committed in one of the three largest cities of the Netherlands: 17 in Amsterdam, 14 in The Hague and 11 in Rotterdam. For the first time last year, there were more victims in The Hague than in Rotterdam.

In relative terms, 2.0 out of every 100 thousand residents of Amsterdam were victims of murder or manslaughter in the past five years. This is three times higher than the national average of 0.7 per 100 thousand inhabitants. In Rotterdam, this rate stood at 1.8 and in The Hague there were 1.6 victims per 100 thousand inhabitants.

Source of original article: Statistics Netherlands (CBS) (www.cbs.nl).
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