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In May 2022, labour participation among young men (76.2 percent) began exceeding the participation rate among young women (76.1 percent). For years, young women (15 to 24-year-olds) were more likely to have paid work than young men. Especially in the past year, there was a relatively sharp rise in paid employment among young men.

Among 25 to 74-year-olds, net labour participation has been higher among men than among women for years.

Net labour participation rate among 15 to 24-year-olds, seasonally adjusted
’12 January 65.9 73.4
’12 February 65.2 73.0
’12 March 65.1 73.1
’12 April 65.5 72.8
’12 May 65.7 72.4
’12 June 65.3 72.2
’12 July 65.2 72.1
’12 August 66.0 72.2
’12 September 65.6 72.3
’12 October 65.6 72.6
’12 November 65.9 72.2
’12 December 65.8 72.2
’13 January 65.2 72.3
’13 February 65.1 71.8
’13 March 65.2 71.5
’13 April 65.3 71.7
’13 May 64.9 71.8
’13 June 64.7 71.6
’13 July 64.3 70.7
’13 August 64.6 70.3
’13 September 64.4 70.4
’13 October 65.2 70.4
’13 November 64.9 70.4
’13 December 65.1 69.4
’14 January 65.0 68.8
’14 February 64.3 68.6
’14 March 64.1 67.9
’14 April 64.1 68.1
’14 May 64.3 68.2
’14 June 64.0 68.5
’14 July 64.5 68.6
’14 August 64.5 68.3
’14 September 64.6 69.0
’14 October 64.5 69.7
’14 November 64.6 70.4
’14 December 64.9 70.0
’15 January 65.1 70.9
’15 February 65.7 71.1
’15 March 65.9 71.6
’15 April 66.1 71.8
’15 May 66.2 71.7
’15 June 65.9 72.2
’15 July 65.8 71.6
’15 August 65.9 71.3
’15 September 65.6 71.2
’15 October 65.2 71.6
’15 November 65.1 71.4
’15 December 64.7 71.5
’16 January 64.7 71.2
’16 February 65.2 71.3
’16 March 65.1 71.3
’16 April 65.3 72.0
’16 May 65.3 72.2
’16 June 65.2 72.0
’16 July 65.3 72.0
’16 August 65.4 72.3
’16 September 65.3 72.2
’16 October 65.4 72.1
’16 November 65.2 72.3
’16 December 65.2 72.4
’17 January 65.4 72.7
’17 February 65.3 72.5
’17 March 65.8 72.1
’17 April 65.7 72.4
’17 May 66.1 73.0
’17 June 66.6 73.0
’17 July 67.3 73.1
’17 August 67.1 73.4
’17 September 67.7 73.9
’17 October 67.5 74.3
’17 November 67.8 74.6
’17 December 67.5 74.7
’18 January 68.0 74.9
’18 February 67.7 74.9
’18 March 67.8 74.7
’18 April 67.5 75.2
’18 May 68.0 75.0
’18 June 68.0 74.7
’18 July 67.9 74.5
’18 August 68.2 74.3
’18 September 68.4 74.6
’18 October 68.9 74.8
’18 November 69.4 74.8
’18 December 69.7 75.3
’19 January 70.1 75.4
’19 February 70.2 75.4
’19 March 70.0 75.5
’19 April 70.4 75.9
’19 May 70.4 75.8
’19 June 70.2 75.7
’19 July 69.5 75.7
’19 August 69.7 75.3
’19 September 69.7 74.9
’19 October 70.1 75.3
’19 November 70.3 75.7
’19 December 71.3 76.0
’20 January 71.3 75.9
’20 February 71.4 75.8
’20 March 70.0 75.7
’20 April 65.4 70.9
’20 May 63.8 70.2
’20 June 65.3 71.3
’20 July 65.0 71.4
’20 August 64.6 72.1
’20 September 64.8 72.8
’20 October 67.0 73.7
’20 November 66.6 74.0
’20 December 66.3 73.4
’21 January 66.6 73.0
’21 February 66.8 73.1
’21 March 67.0 72.8
’21 April 67.9 72.7
’21 May 67.4 73.0
’21 June 69.4 74.4
’21 July 69.7 75.0
’21 August 70.3 75.1
’21 September 70.6 75.0
’21 October 71.4 74.9
’21 November 72.1 74.6
’21 December 72.6 74.8
’22 January 73.5 75.1
’22 February 74.1 75.6
’22 March 75.3 76.0
’22 April 75.5 76.3
’22 May 76.2 76.1

In Q1 2022, 797 thousand young men were in paid work, i.e. 87 thousand more than one year previously. The number of young women in employment increased as well (by 36 thousand). Around 781 thousand young women had paid jobs in Q1 2022.

Young men more likely to have a permanent contract

Both the number of young people with a flexible employment contract and the number of young people in permanent employment increased year on year in the first quarter, by around 60 thousand each. Young men were more likely to enter into a permanent contract than young women.

The majority of young people are employed as flex workers. This means that they either have a fixed-term contract or work a flexible number of hours per week, usually as an on-call or temporary worker.

Young people (15 to 24 yrs) by type of employment
Employed: permanent employment Men 115 159
Employed: permanent employment Women 130 145
Employed: flexible employment Men 556 592
Employed: flexible employment Women 588 615
Self-employed Men 40 47
Self-employed Women 26 21

More young men working part-time

The number of part-time workers among young people has increased relatively sharply over the past year. The increase was more substantial among men than among women. Most young people have a part-time job (fewer than 35 hours per week). Young women are more likely to work part-time than young men.

Young people (15 to 24 yrs) by working hours
Part-time Men 491 567
Part-time Women 608 643
Full-time Men 220 231
Full-time Women 137 138

Mainly more hospitality workers

Many young people have a commercial, logistical or service-oriented occupation. Young women are more likely to work as retail sales assistants or checkout assistants, while young men are more often employed as loaders, unloaders or shelf stackers. Within service occupations, both young men and young women are relatively often employed in the accommodation and food services sector, working as waiters, kitchen assistants or behind the bar. Especially the number of young people employed in this sector increased last year. This was related to the recovery of the sector compared to the beginning of 2021, when a strict lockdown was in place.

The proportion of young people with a pedagogical occupation, especially childcare workers or teaching assistants, increased sharply among both women and men. The sharper increase among young male workers was mainly visible in technical occupations and business and administrative occupations. Almost all underlying technical occupational segments showed an increase. Within business and administrative occupations, the number of young men working as transport planners or logistics assistants grew in particular.

Occupational classes with sharp y-o-y rise in male labour participation (15-24 yrs)
Men
Service-oriented 94 60
Technical 130 108
Business
and administrative
94 75
Pedagogical 48 34
Women
Service-oriented 132 99
Technical 28 28
Business
and administrative
82 90
Pedagogical 82 65

Source of original article: Statistics Netherlands (CBS) (www.cbs.nl).
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