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GHG emissions by source sector, Q1
Manufacturing 2021 13 1.7
Manufacturing 2020 13.4 1.7
Buildings and construction 2021 10 0.2
Buildings and construction 2020 8.8 0.2
Electricity 2021 8.9 0
Electricity 2020 8.5 0
Agriculture 2021 2.8 4.7
Agriculture 2020 2.6 4.7
Transport 2021 7.1 0.2
Transport 2020 8 0.2
Total IPCC 2021 41.8 6.8
Total IPCC 2020 41.2 6.8

Colder than in Q1 2020

Households used more natural gas in Q1 2021, because it was colder than in the same quarter last year. Partly because of this, emissions from buildings and construction were almost 14 percent higher than in Q1 2020. The cold weather also played a role in emissions from agriculture, which were up by 4 percent.

Emissions by electricity sector higher

In Q1 2021, emissions by the electricity sector were 5 percent higher than in the same quarter last year. This is mainly due to the higher electricity production (6 percent). The fuel mix of electricity production also changed (more coal, more renewable, less natural gas), but on balance this had a limited effect on emissions.

Lower emissions in transportation and manufacturing

The effects of the lockdown are visible in emissions from transportation, which were over 10 percent lower than in the first quarter of 2020. Manufacturing also reduced emissions (by 3 percent). This is mainly due to less consumption of residual gases by refineries and the chemical industry. With a share of over 30 percent, manufacturing is the largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions.

Contributions of greenhouse gas emissions by source sector, Q1 2021
Manufacturing 30.2
Buildings and construction 20.9
Electricity 18.4
Agriculture 15.5
Transportation 15

Statistics Netherlands also calculates CO2 emissions from all Dutch economic activities according to the national accounts. Compared to the emissions according to the IPCC definitions, this also includes the CO2 emissions from international air and sea transport and the emissions from combustion of biomass. In the message below, the CO2 emissions are presented in accordance with the calculation method of the national accounts.

CO2 emissions by Dutch economy lower in Q1 2021

CO2 emissions from all economic activities in the Netherlands were 0.6 percent lower in Q1 than in the same quarter of 2020. According to the first calculation, gross domestic product (GDP) was down by 2.8 percent in the same period. This means that emissions fell less sharply than GDP.

CO2 emissions by the transport sector (including aviation) were almost 26 percent lower than one year previously. Due to the lockdown, many flights were cancelled and a large part of the fleet was grounded. Emissions from car use by households were also lower: over 15 percent. The decrease in emissions from the transport sector exceeded the increase in emissions from other economic activities.

CO2 emissions and economic development, Q1 2021
Total (weather adjusted) -3.8
Total -0.6 -2.8
Energy and water supply,
waste management
6.7 2.8
Other services 5.4 -2.9
Households 3
Agriculture, mining,
manufacturing and construction
-1.9 1
Transport sector -25.8 -11.1

Source of original article: Statistics Netherlands (CBS) (
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